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Swollen Feet: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

7 de June de 2024

Swelling of the feet, also known as edema, is a common problem that can affect people of all ages. This condition can be temporary or chronic and can be caused by a variety of factors. In this article, we will explore the most common causes of swollen feet, the associated symptoms, and offer tips and effective treatments to manage this condition in a professional and up-to-date manner.

Common Causes of Swollen Feet

Fluid Retention

One of the most common causes of swollen feet is fluid retention. This may occur due to an imbalance in the lymphatic or venous system, leading to an accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Factors such as excessive salt intake, dehydration and lack of physical activity may contribute to this condition.

Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is a condition in which the veins in the legs cannot pump blood effectively back to the heart. This causes blood to pool in the veins of the legs and feet, causing swelling. Venous insufficiency can be caused by genetic factors, age, overweight and sedentary lifestyle.

Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it is common for women to experience swelling in the feet and ankles. This is due to hormonal changes, increased blood volume and the pressure of the growing uterus on the pelvic veins, which hinders venous return.

Injuries

Injuries to the feet or ankles, such as sprains, fractures or contusions, can cause swelling due to inflammation and fluid accumulation in response to tissue damage.

Medical Conditions

Some medical conditions such as heart failure, kidney and liver disease, and deep vein thrombosis can cause swelling in the feet. These conditions require immediate medical attention and specialized treatment.

Medications

Certain medications, such as those used to treat hypertension, diabetes and hormonal problems, can have the side effect of fluid retention and swelling of the feet.

Symptoms Associated with Swelling of the Feet

In addition to visible swelling, the following symptoms may accompany foot edema:

  • Feeling of heaviness and stiffness in the feet and ankles.
  • Pain and sensitivity to touch.
  • Skin changes, such as redness or warmth.
  • Difficulty walking or wearing shoes due to swelling.
  • Stretched and shiny skin.

Tips and Treatments for Swollen Feet

Elevate Feet

Keep your feet elevated above the level of your heart several times a day to reduce swelling. This helps to improve venous and lymphatic return.

Regular Exercise

Perform low-impact exercises, such as walking, swimming or cycling, to improve circulation and prevent fluid accumulation in the feet.

Hydration

Drink enough water throughout the day to keep the body well hydrated and help eliminate excess salt and fluids.

Compression

Wear compression stockings to help improve circulation and reduce swelling. These stockings apply a gradual pressure that helps blood and fluids return to the heart.

Low Salt Diet

Reduce salt intake in your diet to avoid fluid retention. Opt for fresh foods and avoid processed and canned foods that often contain high levels of sodium.

Massages

Foot and ankle massages can help mobilize accumulated fluids and improve circulation. Use gentle, circular movements to massage the affected area.

Consult a Specialist

If the swelling persists or is accompanied by other worrisome symptoms, it is important to consult a podiatric specialist or your primary care physician. Proper diagnosis is crucial to treat the underlying causes of edema.

Conclusion

Foot swelling is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of factors, from circulatory problems to injuries and underlying medical conditions. Taking appropriate preventive and management measures can help reduce swelling and improve quality of life. At Clinica San Roman, we are committed to the health of your feet and offer personalized treatments to address swelling and other podiatric conditions. If you have any concerns about the swelling of your feet, do not hesitate to contact us for a professional evaluation.

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