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How to Treat Hammertoes? To Avoid Irreversible Deformities

7 de June de 2024

Hammertoes are a common foot deformity that can cause pain and difficulty walking. This condition occurs when one or more fingers are bent at the middle joint, acquiring a hammer shape. If not properly treated, it can lead to irreversible deformities and other serious problems. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, treatments and prevention methods for hammertoes, providing valuable and professional information.

Causes of Hammertoes

Inappropriate Footwear

Wearing narrow shoes or high heels that squeeze the toes can force the toes into a bent position, eventually causing the deformity.

Muscle Imbalance

The muscles and tendons that keep the fingers straight can become weak or unbalanced, causing one or more fingers to bend.

Genetic Factors

Some people have a genetic predisposition to develop foot deformities, including hammertoes.

Medical Conditions

Diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes can increase the risk of developing hammertoes due to inflammation and nerve damage.

Symptoms

Symptoms of hammertoes can vary in severity and include:

  • Pain: Pain in the affected toe, especially when wearing shoes.
  • Corns and calluses: Friction against footwear can cause corns and calluses on the top of the toe or on the sole of the foot.
  • Swelling and Redness: The affected toe may become swollen and red.
  • Difficulty Moving the Finger: The finger may become stiff and difficult to move.

Treatment

Treatment for hammertoes depends on the severity of the deformity:

Changes in Footwear

Wearing shoes with a wide toe box and avoiding high heels can relieve pressure on the affected toes.

Orthopedics

The use of orthopedic insoles can help align the feet and reduce pressure on the toes.

Exercises

Specific exercises to stretch and strengthen the foot muscles can be beneficial.

Medication

Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce pain and inflammation.

Surgery

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the deformity and relieve pain.

Prevention

Use of Appropriate Footwear

Choosing shoes that fit properly and provide enough room for the toes is essential to prevent hammertoe formation.

Maintaining Good Muscle Health

Perform regular exercises to keep your foot muscles strong and flexible.

Early Attention

If you experience any foot pain or deformity, seek early medical attention to prevent the problem from worsening.

Conclusion

Hammertoes are a condition that can cause significant discomfort and, if not properly treated, can lead to irreversible deformities. Prevention and early treatment are key to maintaining the health of your feet. Wearing proper footwear, performing specific exercises and seeking prompt medical attention can make a big difference in the prevention and management of this condition. At Clínica San Román, we have been performing minimally invasive claw toe surgery for more than 40 years with excellent results, offering our patients a fast and effective recovery.

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