Occipital nerve block for headache relief

29 de May de 2023

Occipital nerve block, a type of peripheral nerve block especially useful for relieving pain in the posterior region of the head.

What is occipital nerve block?

Occipital nerve block is a minimally invasive procedure aimed at relieving headache pain of occipital origin. This treatment involves the injection of a local anesthetic and, in some cases, a corticosteroid, in the region where the major and/or minor occipital nerves are located. These nerves are responsible for providing sensation in the back of the head. By blocking these nerves, pain transmission is interrupted, providing relief to patients.

In which cases is the occipital nerve block applied?

The occipital nerve block may be useful in different situations, such as:

  • Tension headache, especially those originating in the occipital region.
  • Cluster headache of occipital origin.
  • Occipital migraine.
  • Postoperative pain after surgery in the occipital region.
  • Occipital or Arnold’s neuralgia.

Advantages of occipital nerve block

How is the occipital nerve block performed?

The procedure is performed in our clinic on an outpatient basis and under strict aseptic measures. The anesthesia physician uses ultrasound guidance or anatomical palpation techniques to precisely locate the major and/or minor occipital nerves. A combination of local anesthetic and, in some cases, corticosteroid is then injected into the nerve region. The procedure is quick and usually takes less than 30 minutes.

Advantages of occipital nerve block


  • Fast and effective relief of occipital headache.
  • Minimally invasive and safe procedure.
  • May prevent the progression of headaches and migraines in some cases.
  • Fewer side effects compared to pharmacological treatments.
  • It can be performed on an outpatient basis, without the need for hospitalization.


The occipital nerve block at Clínica San Román’s pain unit is a novel and effective treatment option for patients suffering from headaches of occipital origin. If you suffer from headaches, migraines or other headaches originating in the occipital region, do not hesitate to contact our team of specialists to learn more about this treatment and evaluate if it is right for you.


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