Calluses on the feet or hyperkeratosis
The skin renews itself from time to time to get rid of devitalized cells and replace them with new ones. However, the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands have special circumstances that do not exist in other parts of the body. These are the only areas of the skin where the so-called “hyperkeratosis“, also known as calluses or corns, occur.
Calluses are an indicator that there is a higher than usual load or pressure. It is a defense system of the body: layers of devitalized tissue accumulate so that the area does not suffer a much greater injury, such as ulceration.
How are Helomas produced?
Sometimes, this overload is concentrated in a very specific area causing helomas, known as “chicken eyes“. The skin invaginates inwards, causing a very annoying sharp pain with the sensation of having something stuck in the foot. If an analysis of the heloma were to be made by a frontal cut, it could be seen that it is cone-shaped, with a wide base at the beginning that gradually narrows as it deepens, although no root of any kind is found, as one might think.
After a visit to the podiatrist, the pain associated with helomas and calluses usually disappears. However, in cases where the pressure or load is still higher than normal, the skin will act by generating a protective layer that will eventually become sore again.
The heloma usually recurs four to eight weeks after the consultation. In these cases, the podiatrist performs an analysis of the load on the foot, in order to assess whether additional treatment is necessary, such as custom insoles or even surgery to solve the problem.
Article prepared by Clínica San Román
Date of publication: 24-11-2017
Date of revision: 8-02-2020