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Treatments for hammertoes. Prevents permanent deformities.

27 de May de 2024

Treatments for Hammertoes: A Complete Analysis

Hammertoes, also known as “claw toes,” are a common deformity that mainly affects women due to the frequent use of high heels and tight-fitting shoes. This condition can cause pain and limited mobility. Here we present a detailed analysis of its causes, symptoms and treatment options.

What Are Hammertoes?

Hammertoes are characterized by abnormal bending of the toe joints, causing them to bend downward in a claw or hammer shape. This deformity is due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons and ligaments that normally keep the finger straight.

Causes of Hammertoes

  • Inappropriate Footwear: High heels and tight shoes can force the toes into an unnatural position, causing deformities.
  • Genetics: A genetic predisposition may increase the probability of developing hammertoes.
  • Inflammatory diseases: Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can damage the joints of the foot.
  • Trauma: Injuries to the feet can lead to deformities if not properly treated.
  • Muscle Imbalances: An imbalance in the muscles and tendons of the foot can cause the toes to curl abnormally.
hammertoes
hammertoes

Symptoms of Hammertoes

Symptoms vary according to the severity of the deformity and include:

  • Pain on walking
  • Swelling and redness in the affected toes
  • Hardness or calluses on the top of the toes
  • Limitation of finger mobility

Available Treatments

Conservative Treatments

In the early stages, hammertoes can be managed with non-surgical treatments, such as:

  • Proper Footwear: Choose roomy shoes with sufficient toe room and cushioned soles.
  • Orthopedic Insoles: They help redistribute pressure in the foot.
  • Stretching Exercises: Strengthen and stretch the muscles of the foot.
  • Physical therapy: Improves flexibility and foot function.
  • Pads and Protectors: Reduce friction and pain.

Surgical Treatment

If conservative methods do not provide relief, surgery may be considered. Minimally invasive surgery is an effective option that allows for a faster recovery. Common procedures include tendon and ligament release, bone realignment and, in severe cases, joint fusion.

Prevention

To prevent hammertoes, it is recommended:

  • Wear appropriate and comfortable footwear from an early age.
  • Perform regular exercises to strengthen the feet and maintain flexibility.
  • Avoid prolonged use of high heels and tight shoes.

Conclusion

Hammertoes can cause pain and affect quality of life. Understanding its causes and symptoms is crucial to seek early treatment and avoid further complications. If you suffer from hammertoes, consult a podiatric specialist to receive the best treatment tailored to your specific needs.

At Clínica San Román, we have a team of experts in podiatry and foot surgery ready to help you. Don’t let hammertoes affect your daily life.
Contact us today to schedule a consultation
today to schedule a consultation and begin your road to recovery.

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